If you've noticed gum discomfort or bleeding when brushing your teeth, you may be experiencing periodontal disease, often referred to as gum disease. In addition to discomfort, periodontal disease can result in a number of serious conditions if left untreated. To ensure your teeth and gums are healthy, schedule an appointment with a periodontist at Rutgers Health University Dental Associates at one of our two New Jersey locations.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is generally caused by plaque buildup. Bacteria found in dental plaque can damage the gums, causing them to become swollen. The mild form of this disease is called gingivitis, and can be treated and reversed with help from a dentist or specialist. However, if left untreated, the disease can progress to periodontitis and cause teeth to loosen and fall out.

While anyone with poor dental hygiene can develop periodontal disease, some individuals are more at risk than others. The following factors are often associated with increased risk:

  • Diabetes
  • Smoking
  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Poor nutrition
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Pregnancy
  • Some medications
  • Stress
  • Puberty
  • Certain diseases and conditions
  • HIV infection

If you notice your gums are red, swollen and bleed easily – especially if one or more of the abovementioned factors applies to you – it’s important to see a specialist as soon as possible. When left untreated, periodontal disease can eventually elevate your risk for heart disease, stroke, dementia, diabetes and more.

A Specialist Can Help

Because periodontists specialize in the prevention and treatment of gum disease, they can assess your risk factors and the condition of your gums and suggest the best ways to achieve and maintain good oral health. Fortunately, a diagnosis of gum disease can be treated in several ways, including non-surgical and surgical methods.

The Rutgers Health University Dental Associates periodontics team always attempts treatment with the least invasive methods possible, which typically involves scaling and root planning to rid affected areas of plaque and tartar. However, surgery, including periodontal plastic surgery and other procedures, such as dental implants, may be recommended to treat severe cases of gum disease and repair any resulting damage.

Visit a Dentist Near You

With conveniently located offices in Newark and New Brunswick, Rutgers Health University Dental Associates offers easily accessible periodontics treatment to New Jersey residents. Schedule an appointment today to learn more about periodontal disease and available treatments from our expert dentists and specialists.