Periodontics in Newark and New Brunswick, NJ
Rutgers Health University Dental Associates, located within a leading national research university, provides the highest level of patient-centered periodontal and dental implant care.
Periodontal (Gum) Disease
Periodontal disease, or gum disease, is a leading cause of tooth loss. It can also be associated with other chronic diseases, including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.
Many factors may contribute to periodontal diseases:
- Genetic predisposition
- Systemic diseases and conditions
- Inadequate nutrition
- Hormonal fluctuations
- Substance abuse
- HIV infection
- Use of certain medications.
Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. With gingivitis, gums become red and swollen and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is frequently caused by poor oral hygiene. It is reversible with professional treatment and proper oral home care.
If untreated, gingivitis can advance to become periodontitis, which can lead to tooth loss and other health problems. As the condition progresses, the gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets that deepen as more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. During this process, teeth can loosen and may have to be removed.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
To prevent periodontal disease, practice good oral hygiene at home. Brush your teeth after every meal and before bedtime, floss at least once each day, and see your dentist or periodontist twice a year.
Treating Periodontal Diseases
Our goal is to restore periodontal health in the least invasive manner. In scaling and root planing, root surfaces are carefully and non-surgically cleaned to remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from deep periodontal pockets. It also smooths the tooth root to remove unwanted bacteria. Sometimes it is followed by adjunctive therapy, such as local delivery antimicrobials and systemic antibiotics.
Periodontal surgery includes pocket reduction procedures, regenerative procedures, and periodontal plastic surgery procedures.
Periodontal Plastic Surgery
Periodontists are often called the plastic surgeons of dentistry. If you feel your teeth look too short or your gums cover too much of your teeth, a dental crown lengthening might be a solution. During this procedure, the extra gum tissue is removed to expose more of the crown of the tooth. If you feel your teeth look too long because of receding gums, gum graft surgery and other root coverage procedures can cover exposed roots, reduce further gum recession, and prevent root decay. When tooth loss causes an indentation in the gums and jawbone, bone grafts and gum grafts can fill in the defect, recapturing the natural contour of the gums and jaw. Subsequent tooth-supported or implant-supported restorations will restore a beautiful and healthy smile.
Dental implants are a well-established and reliable method of replacing missing teeth. A dental implant is an artificial tooth root that is placed into your jaw to hold a replacement tooth or bridge. In addition to looking and functioning like natural teeth, implants replace a single tooth without sacrificing the health of neighboring teeth.
During the procedure, the implant is screwed into your jaw, where it then integrates with your jawbone. This helps to keep the bone healthy and intact.
Dental implants may be an option for people who are missing one tooth, several teeth, or all teeth. Bone grafts and gum grafts may also be necessary in combination with dental implants for the best functional, esthetic, and long-term successful outcomes.